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USDA - NASS: United States and Canadian Hogs (2019-03-13)

USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture - March 13, 2019


United States and Canadian Hogs

ISSN: 1949-1956

Released March 13, 2019, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service 
(NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of 
Agriculture (USDA).

United States and Canadian Hog Inventory Up 1 Percent 

United States and Canadian inventory of all hogs and pigs for December 2018 
was 88.6 million head. This was up 1 percent from December 2017, and up 4 percent 
from December 2016. The breeding inventory, at 7.59 million head, was up 2 percent 
from a year ago and up 3 percent from 2016. Market hog inventory, at 81.0 million head, was 
up 1 percent from last year and up 4 percent from 2016. The semi-annual pig 
crop, at 82.2 million head, was up 2 percent from 2017 and up 4 percent from 
2016. Sows farrowing during this period totaled 7.57 million head, up 
1 percent from last year and up 3 percent from 2016.

United States inventory of all hogs and pigs on December 1, 2018 was 
74.6 million head. This was up 2 percent from December 1, 2017 but down 
1 percent from September 1, 2018. The breeding inventory, at 6.33 million 
head, was up 2 percent from last year, but down slightly from the previous 
quarter. Market hog inventory, at 68.2 million head, was up 2 percent from 
last year, but down 1 percent from last quarter. The pig crop, at 
34.0 million head, was up 2 percent from 2017 and up 5 percent from 2016. 
Sows farrowing during this period totaled 3.16 million head, up 2 percent 
from 2017 and up 4 percent from 2016.  

Canadian inventory of all hogs and pigs on January 1, 2019 was 14.0 million 
head. This was down 1 percent from January 1, 2018 but up 1 percent from 
January 1, 2017. The breeding inventory, at 1.26 million head, was down 
slightly from last year but up slightly from 2017. Market hog inventory, at 
12.8 million head, was down 1 percent from last year but up 1 percent from 
2017. The semi-annual pig crop, at 14.0 million head, was down 2 percent from 
2018 and down 1 percent from 2017. Sows farrowing during this period totaled 1.22 million 
head, down 2 percent from last year and down slightly from 2017. 

Hogs and Pigs Inventory, Sows Farrowed, and Pig Crop - United States and Canada: 2013-2018
[May not add due to rounding]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              Item             :           :           :           :           :           :           :  2018 as  
                               :   2013    :   2014    :   2015    :   2016    :   2017    :   2018    :  percent  
                               :           :           :           :           :           :           :  of 2017  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                               :  --------------------------- 1,000 head ---------------------------      percent  
                               :                                                                                   
June inventory 1/              :                                                                                   
 All hogs and pigs ............:  78,443      74,238      80,430      83,391      85,415      86,931        102    
  Kept for breeding ...........:   7,124       7,035       7,160       7,219       7,368       7,578        103    
  Market ......................:  71,319      67,203      73,271      76,172      78,047      79,353        102    
   Under 50 pounds ............:  24,114      23,089      24,356      25,605      25,886      26,616        103    
   50-119 pounds ..............:  19,429      18,042      19,760      20,488      21,276      21,531        101    
   120-179 pounds .............:  14,727      13,708      15,295      15,925      16,270      16,465        101    
   180 pounds and over ........:  13,049      12,363      13,860      14,153      14,615      14,740        101    
 Sows farrowed 2/ .............:   6,866       6,762       7,003       7,177       7,257       7,368        102    
 Pig crop 2/ ..................:  71,224      67,086      73,449      75,931      77,777      79,131        102    
                               :                                                                                   
December inventory 3/          :                                                                                   
 All hogs and pigs ............:  77,610      80,806      82,649      85,280      87,310      88,580        101    
  Kept for breeding ...........:   6,956       7,144       7,236       7,365       7,441       7,585        102    
  Market ......................:  70,654      73,663      75,413      77,915      79,869      80,996        101    
   Under 50 pounds ............:  23,266      24,685      25,104      25,943      26,601      26,807        101    
   50-119 pounds ..............:  18,311      19,591      19,569      20,495      21,085      21,352        101    
   120-179 pounds .............:  14,848      15,361      15,974      16,349      16,475      16,926        103    
   180 pounds and over ........:  14,228      14,026      14,766      15,128      15,708      15,911        101    
 Sows farrowed 4/ .............:   6,847       7,216       7,228       7,326       7,458       7,565        101    
 Pig crop 4/ ..................:  71,047      74,864      76,973      78,789      80,676      82,172        102    
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ United States June 1 and Canadian July 1 inventory items.                                                       
2/ United States December through May and Canadian January through June totals.                                    
3/ United States December 1 and Canadian following year January 1 inventory items.                                 
4/ United States June through November and Canadian July through December totals.                                  
Sources: National Agricultural Statistics Service and Livestock and Animal Products Section, Statistics Canada.    

Hogs and Pigs Inventory, Sows Farrowed, and Pig Crop - United States: 2013-2018
[May not add due to rounding]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                               :        :        :        :        :        :        :2018 as 
                               :        :        :        :        :        :        :percent 
              Item             :  2013  :  2014  :  2015  :  2016  :  2017  :  2018  :of 2017 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                               : -------------------- 1,000 head -------------------  percent 
                               :                                                              
March 1 inventory              :                                                              
  All hogs and pigs ...........: 65,072   61,344   67,299   68,274   70,916   72,748    103   
    Kept for breeding 1/ ......:  5,836    5,851    5,982    5,980    6,098    6,210    102   
    Market ....................: 59,236   55,493   61,318   62,294   64,818   66,538    103   
     Under 50 pounds ..........: 18,852   17,336   19,454   19,922   20,422   20,942    103   
     50-119 pounds ............: 16,251   15,487   17,129   17,198   17,942   18,212    102   
     120-179 pounds ...........: 13,169   12,448   13,530   13,879   14,485   14,996    104   
     180 pounds and over ......: 10,965   10,221   11,205   11,294   11,969   12,387    103   
  Sows farrowed ...............:  2,788    2,763    2,895    2,929    2,990    3,034    101   
  Pig crop ....................: 28,099   26,326   29,627   30,159   31,187   32,101    103   
                               :                                                              
June 1 inventory               :                                                              
  All hogs and pigs ...........: 65,188   61,468   67,065   69,281   71,210   72,866    102   
    Kept for breeding 1/ ......:  5,884    5,855    5,926    5,979    6,109    6,320    103   
    Market ....................: 59,304   55,613   61,140   63,302   65,101   66,546    102   
     Under 50 pounds ..........: 19,145   18,254   19,365   20,356   20,647   21,327    103   
     50-119 pounds ............: 17,068   15,801   17,461   18,198   18,841   19,083    101   
     120-179 pounds ...........: 12,414   11,471   12,935   13,291   13,696   13,988    102   
     180 pounds and over ......: 10,678   10,086   11,379   11,456   11,917   12,147    102   
  Sows farrowed ...............:  2,806    2,810    2,854    2,968    3,018    3,100    103   
  Pig crop ....................: 28,921   27,495   29,593   31,097   31,839   32,942    103   
                               :                                                              
September 1 inventory          :                                                              
  All hogs and pigs ...........: 66,906   65,854   69,185   71,586   73,309   74,941    102   
    Kept for breeding 1/ ......:  5,816    5,920    5,986    6,016    6,117    6,330    103   
    Market ....................: 61,090   59,934   63,200   65,570   67,192   68,611    102   
     Under 50 pounds ..........: 19,824   20,390   20,741   21,215   21,533   22,092    103   
     50-119 pounds ............: 17,958   17,458   18,496   19,271   19,757   20,262    103   
     120-179 pounds ...........: 12,584   12,012   12,855   13,475   13,874   14,066    101   
     180 pounds and over ......: 10,725   10,073   11,108   11,608   12,028   12,190    101   
  Sows farrowed ...............:  2,890    2,991    3,017    3,057    3,106    3,185    103   
  Pig crop ....................: 29,862   30,402   31,343   32,331   33,075   34,155    103   
                               :                                                              
December 1 inventory           :                                                              
  All hogs and pigs ...........: 64,775   67,626   69,019   71,345   73,145   74,550    102   
    Kept for breeding 1/ ......:  5,757    5,939    6,002    6,110    6,179    6,326    102   
    Market ....................: 59,018   61,688   63,017   65,235   66,966   68,225    102   
     Under 50 pounds ..........: 18,389   19,746   20,038   20,862   21,407   21,599    101   
     50-119 pounds ............: 16,080   17,296   17,262   18,077   18,544   18,932    102   
     120-179 pounds ...........: 12,576   13,000   13,440   13,711   13,925   14,412    103   
     180 pounds and over ......: 11,972   11,646   12,276   12,585   13,089   13,282    101   
  Sows farrowed ...............:  2,780    2,984    2,932    3,041    3,103    3,158    102   
  Pig crop ....................: 28,253   30,531   30,878   32,320   33,328   33,978    102   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Includes boars.                                                                            
Source: National Agricultural Statistics Service.                                             

Hogs and Pigs Inventory, Sows Farrowed, and Pig Crop - Canada: 2014-2019
[May not add due to rounding. Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                               :           :           :           :           :           :           :  2019 as  
              Item             :   2014    :   2015    :   2016    :   2017    :   2018    :   2019    :  percent  
                               :           :           :           :           :           :           :  of 2018  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                               :  --------------------------- 1,000 head ---------------------------      percent  
                               :                                                                                   
January 1 inventory            :                                                                                   
 All hogs and pigs ............:  12,835      13,180      13,630      13,935      14,165      14,030         99    
  Kept for breeding 1/ ........:   1,199       1,205       1,234       1,255       1,262       1,259        100    
  Market ......................:  11,636      11,975      12,396      12,680      12,903      12,771         99    
   Under 50 pounds ............:   4,877       4,939       5,066       5,081       5,194       5,208        100    
   50-119 pounds ..............:   2,231       2,295       2,307       2,418       2,541       2,420         95    
   120-179 pounds .............:   2,272       2,361       2,534       2,638       2,550       2,514         99    
   180 pounds and over ........:   2,256       2,380       2,490       2,543       2,619       2,629        100    
 Sows farrowed ................:   1,177       1,241       1,279       1,228       1,249       1,222         98    
 Pig crop .....................:  12,932      13,931      14,752      14,138      14,274      14,039         98    
                               :                                                                                   
July 1 inventory               :                                                                                   
 All hogs and pigs ............:  12,770      13,365      14,110      14,205      14,065                           
  Kept for breeding 1/ ........:   1,180       1,234       1,240       1,259       1,258                           
  Market ......................:  11,590      12,131      12,870      12,946      12,807                           
   Under 50 pounds ............:   4,835       4,991       5,249       5,239       5,289                           
   50-119 pounds ..............:   2,241       2,299       2,290       2,435       2,448                           
   120-179 pounds .............:   2,237       2,360       2,634       2,574       2,477                           
   180 pounds and over ........:   2,277       2,481       2,697       2,698       2,593                           
 Sows farrowed ................:   1,189       1,254       1,279       1,250       1,234                           
 Pig crop .....................:  13,265      14,230      14,675      14,752      14,089                           
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Includes boars.                                                                                                 
Source: Livestock and Animal Products Section, Statistics Canada.                                                  

This publication is a result of a joint effort by Statistics Canada and NASS 
to release the total hogs, breeding, market hogs, sows farrowed, and pig crop 
for both countries within one publication. This information was requested by 
the United States hog industry to provide producers additional information 
about potential hog supplies. United States inventory numbers were previously 
released on December 20, 2018. Canadian inventory numbers were released on 
March 1, 2019.

Information Contacts

Listed below are the commodity specialists in the Livestock 
Branch of the National Agricultural Statistics Service to contact 
for additional information. E-mail inquiries may be sent to 
nass@nass.usda.gov.

Travis Averill, Chief, Livestock Branch ......... (202) 720-3570

Scott Hollis, Head, Livestock Section ...........  (202) 690-2424
   Sherry Bertramsen - Livestock Slaughter ...... (202) 690-8632
   Holly Brenize - Sheep and Goats .............. (202) 720-0585
   Donnie Fike - Dairy Products ................. (202) 720-4448
   Heidi Gleich - Cattle, Cattle on Feed ........ (202) 720-3040
   Mike Miller - Milk Production and Milk Cows .. (202) 720-3278
   Seth Riggins - Hogs and Pigs ................. (202) 720-3106

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