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USDA - AMS: Wyoming, West Nebraska, and SW South Dakota Hay Report (2019-05-09)

USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture - May 9, 2019

TO_GR310
Torrington, WY    Thu May 09, 2019   USDA-WY Dept of Ag Market News

Wyoming Hay Summary - Week ending May 10, 2019

   Compared to last week all forages sold steady. Sun-cured alfalfa 
pellets and alfalfa hay cubes sold steady.  Some hay still in stack yards 
but most has been ear marked sold. Some hay will be carried over as the 
winter keeps hanging on and grass is slow to grow this spring. Crop 
progress report by NASS for week May 5th, barley planted 88 percent 
compared to 81 percent last year, with 58 percent emerged compared to 53 
last year. Sugar beets planted at 65 percent compared to 51 percent last 
year and corn plantings at 11 percent compared to 33 percent last year.  
All prices are dollars per ton FOB the field or hay barn unless otherwise 
noted. 

Eastern Wyoming 
Alfalfa: Good large squares 150.00-160.00; Good large rounds 130.00-
140.00. Sun-cured alfalfa pellets 15 percent protein 255.00.  
   
Central and Western Wyoming
Alfalfa: Premium small squares 200.00-215.00, Good small squares 165.00. 
Straw in large squares 50.00-60.00. Certified weed seed free alfalfa 
cubes bulk 230.00-240.00, bagged 270.00-280.00.

==================================================================
Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more
         than 10% grass)

 Quality     ADF     NDF      *RFV     **TDN-100%   **TDN-90%     CP
Supreme      <27     <34       >185        >62         >55.9     >22
Premium    27-29   34-36    170-185    60.5-62     54.5-55.9   20-22
Good       29-32   36-40    150-170      58-60     52.5-54.5   18-20
Fair       32-35   40-44    130-150      56-58     50.5-52.5   16-18
Utility      >35     >44       <130        <56         <50.5     <16

*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.
**TDN calculated using the western formula.
   Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect 
feeding value. Values based on 100% dry matter (TDN showing both 100% & 
90%).  Guidelines are to be used with visual appearance and intent of 
Sale (usage).
=====================================================================
Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines

         Quality            Crude Protein Percent
          Premium             Over 13
          Good                   9-13
          Fair                   5-9
          Low                Under 5
  Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect 
feeding value. Values based on 100% dry matter. End usage may influence 
hay price or value more than testing results.
=====================================================================
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
	 leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. 
         Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative 
         of a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of   
         damage.

Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in 
         Legumes and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium  
         stems and free of damage other than slight discoloration.
 
Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in 
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally 
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in 
         Legumes or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This 
         Category could include hay discounted due to excessive 
         damage and heavy weed content or mold. Defects will be 
         identified in market reports when using this category.
=====================================================================

Source:  USDA WY Dept of Ag Market News Service, Torrington, WY
         Thomas Walthers, OIC (308) 390-5399
         Website: www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/TO_GR310.txt
                  www.ams.usda.gov/lpsmarketnewspage
         Email: Thomas.walthers@ams.usda.gov 

1215c tlw 

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