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USDA - AMS: California Weekly Hay (2019-04-12)

USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture - April 12, 2019

ML_GR311	
Greeley, CO   Fri Apr 12, 2019   USDA - CO Dept of Ag Market News

California Hay Report

  Compared to last week: All classes traded steady with moderate demand.  
According to NASS Crop Progress report April 08, 2019, temperatures for the week 
were above average for the most part across California. The Sierras experienced 
scattered showers and maintained above-average snow depth, while temperatures 
reached as high as 96 in the desert.  Temperature lows ranged from the 30s to 
upper 40s in the Sierras, 30s to high 60s in the desert, low 40s to high 50s 
along the coast, and mid-40s to high 50s in the valley. Temperature highs ranged 
from upper 30s to high 70s in the Sierras, high 50s to low 80s in along the 
coast, low 60s to the 80s in the valley, and low 60s to high 90s in the desert.
In Tulare County, wheat and alfalfa continued to mature. Silage crops were being 
cut. Spring silage continued to be planted.  Hay is reported FOB the stack or 
barn unless otherwise noted.  Regions are defined at bottom of report.  

Tons:  3975    Last Week:  3125    Last Year:  8905                            

Region 1: North Inter-Mountain:                                                
                             Tons   Price Range   Wtd Avg    Comments          
  Alfalfa                                                                      
      Premium                 100  240.00-240.00  240.00     Retail/Stable     
  Orchard Grass                                                                
      Premium                  75  290.00-290.00  290.00     Retail/Stable     

Region 2: Sacramento Valley:                                                   
                             Tons   Price Range   Wtd Avg    Comments          
  Alfalfa/Orchard Mix                                                          
      Premium                  50  280.00-280.00  280.00     Retail/Stable     

Region 3: Northern San Joaquin Valley:                                         
                             Tons   Price Range   Wtd Avg    Comments          
  Alfalfa                                                                      
      Supreme                 325  265.00-270.00  268.85 Del 
      Fair/Good                50  190.00-190.00  190.00 Del                  
  Wheat                                                                        
      Good                    100  210.00-210.00  210.00 Del Retail/Stable     
  Forage Mix-Three Way                                                         
      Good                    200  155.00-155.00  155.00   
  Corn Silage
      Good                    1    80.00-80.00    80.00  Del                    

Region 4: Central San Joaquin Valley:                                          
                             Tons   Price Range   Wtd Avg    Comments          
  Alfalfa                                                                      
      Premium/Supreme        1000  270.00-270.00  270.00 Del                   

Region 5: Southern California:                                                 
                             Tons   Price Range   Wtd Avg    Comments          
  Alfalfa                                                                      
      Premium                 150  319.00-319.00  319.00     Retail/Stable     
  Forage Mix-Three Way                                                         
      Good                     50  310.00-310.00  310.00     Retail/Stable     

Region 6: Southeast California:                                                
                             Tons   Price Range   Wtd Avg    Comments          
  Alfalfa                                                                      
      Supreme                1875  215.00-220.00  219.13                       
      Premium/Supreme          50  205.00-205.00  205.00  
                     
The following are the counties included in each region:                        
Region 1: Siskiyou, Modoc, Shasta, Lassen, and Plumas.                         
Region 2: Tehama, Glenn, Butte, Colusa, Sutter, Yuba, Sierra, Nevada, Placer,  
          Yolo, El Dorado, Solano, Sacramento, Amador, and Alpine.             
Region 3: San Joaquin, Calaveras, Stanislaus, Tuolumne, Mono, Merced, Mariposa.
Region 4: Madera, Fresno, Kings, Tulare, and Inyo.                             
Region 5: Kern, Northeast Los Angeles, and Western San Bernardino.             
Region 6: Eastern San Bernardino, Riverside, and Imperial.                     

Alfalfa hay test guidelines, (for domestic livestock use and not more than 10% 
grass, used with visual appearance and intent of sale Quantitative factors are 
approximate and many factors can affect feeding value.

             ADF     NDF     RFV     TDN-100%    TDN-90%   CP-100%
 Supreme     <27     <34     >185      >62       >55.9       >22
 Premium    27-29   34-36   170-185   60.5-62   54.5-55.9   20-22
 Good       29-32   36-40   150-170    58-60    52.5-54.5   18-20
 Fair       32-35   40-44   130-150    56-58    50.5-52.5   16-18
 Utility     >35     >44     <130      <56       <50.5       <16

ADF = Acid Detergent Fiber; NDF = Neutral Detergent Fiber; RFV = Relative Feed 
Value; TDN = Total Digestible nutrients. RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn 
formula.  TDN calculated using the western formula. Values based on 100% dry 
matter, TDN both 90% and 100%.

Source:  USDA-CO Dept of Ag Market News Service, Greeley, CO
         Jonathan Gittlein and Greg Sanders
         Greeley.LPGMN@ams.usda.gov 970-353-9750               
         www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/ML_GR311.txt
         http://marketnews.usda.gov/portal/lg

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